Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neuro-developmental disorder that affects both children and adults and can interfere with daily functioning and social interactions.
The symptoms of ADHD include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Inattention symptoms include difficulty focusing on tasks, being easily distracted, forgetfulness, and losing things. Hyperactivity symptoms include excessive talking, fidgeting, and difficulty sitting still. Impulsivity symptoms include interrupting others, acting without thinking, and engaging in risky behaviors.
The causes of ADHD are not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
What are the treatments?
There are several treatments available for ADHD, including medication, behavioral therapy, and lifestyle changes. Stimulant medications like methylphenidate (Ritalin) and amphetamine (Adderall) are often used to improve attention and reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity. Non-stimulant medications are also available and can be effective for some individuals.
Behavioral therapy can also help to manage ADHD symptoms. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) can help individuals with ADHD develop coping strategies and organizational skills to better manage their symptoms. Parent training and support groups can also be helpful for parents of children.
In recent years, there has been growing interest in alternative therapies for ADHD — like neurofeedback, dietary supplements, and exercise. But more research is needed to determine how effective these treatments are, if at all.
There’s currently no single “best” treatment for ADHD and the most effective treatment depends on each individual’s unique needs and circumstances. If you or your child may have ADHD, your doctor or healthcare professional can work to develop a treatment plan that works best for you.
Have you or someone you care about been diagnosed with ADHD? Please share your experiences with the Shop Talk community.
Did you know?
ADHD and insomnia
People with ADHD often have disrupted circadian rhythms, which can lead to difficulty sleeping at night or waking in the morning. This can also affect their ability to maintain focus during the day. Studies have shown that individuals with ADHD may have a delay in the release of the sleep hormone melatonin.